On November 3, 2020, the United States Fish & Wildlife Service published a final rule removing the gray wolf (canis lupus) from the federal list of Endangered and Threatened Species in the lower 48 United States and Mexico. The rule became effective on January 4, 2021. At the same time, the Service denied a petition, filed by environmental groups, to maintain protections for the gray wolf in the lower 48 United States. However, the Service did maintain the separate listing of the Mexican wolf subspecies as endangered, a listing that was put in place on January 16, 2015; the Service also maintained the separate listing of the red wolf.
The Biden transition team issued a list of agency actions that the new administration plans to review, including the gray wolf delisting rule. Our tweetstorm aims to encourage the Biden administration to reach one conclusion: relist wolves. Gray wolves are an essential part of our country’s ecosystem and would face tremendous risks in the absence of ESA protections.
In January, two coalitions of advocacy groups filed lawsuits in U.S. District Court in an attempt to overturn the decision that stripped Endangered Species Act protections for gray wolves. However, the wolf delisting rule could also potentially be subject to repeal under the Congressional Review Act (“CRA”), which allows Congress to negate administrative rules by passing a joint resolution of disapproval within 60 legislative days of a rule’s submission to Congress, or under the more conventional understanding of the CRA, which states that Congress has 60 legislative days after a rule takes effect to pass a resolution disapproving it.
In other words, the Congressional Review Act (CRA), first enacted in 1996, allows Congress to review new administrative rules within this time frame. If both houses of Congress pass a resolution of disapproval and the president signs it, or Congress overrides a presidential veto, the new rule is invalidated. The CRA allows Congress to negate a final agency rulemaking with a simple majority vote in both chambers and the President’s signature.
Republicans worked overtime to undo many of the Obama administration’s regulations put in place near the end of his term during the first 60 legislative days of the Trump administration. More information regarding the Congressional Review Act here.
There are numerous rules and deregulations put in place during the Trump administration that fall under the scope of the CRA. We must demand Congress and President Biden act swiftly to undo these damages to our wildlife, environment and endangered species policies. Sign the petition here.
Our tweetstorm also aims to encourage Congress to submit and take action on a joint resolution disapproving the rule removing gray wolves from the protections of the Endangered Species Act. There are other options for rolling back the wolf delisting rule, the toughest is generally new rulemaking, but it’s sometimes the only option. It is certainly something that we can work toward, if needed, in the near future after President Biden’s cabinet is confirmed, and/or after the administration’s review of the delisting rule.
Onward, tweet #RelistWolves! All tweets are automated and can be sent by tapping our little tweety bird at the bottom of each tweet. For ease of tweeting, please open this page on your browser and close your twitter window. Many tweets are images with hashtags only, leaving plenty of room for your own thoughts. If you are experiencing trouble sending tweets, then open the page on Twitter and send your tweets from there. Thanks very much for your help.
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1. Shamefully, the Trump administration finalized a rule, Oct. 29, 2020, that removed ESA protection from all gray wolves in the lower 48 states except for a small population of Mexican gray wolves in AZ and NM #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/n0MbBYf6sS
2. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/oEMGlYHLNy
3. Delisting decisions should be made by scientists and based on scientific data, not politics @POTUS. Introduce a Joint Resolution of Disapproval @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
4. The delisting rule violates the #ESA and the Administrative Procedure Act because it arbitrarily lumps gray wolves across the country together and justifies their delisting based on their recovery in only one region @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/oEMGlYHLNy
5. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/1YqncA2kwT
6. .@USFWS made its wolf delisting decision despite the fact that #wolves are still functionally #extinct in the vast majority of their former range across the continental United States, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/n0MbBYf6sS
7. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
8. Utilize the Congressional Review Act to pass legislation overturning the wolf delisting rule @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats @POTUS
9. Stripping protections from gray wolves in the lower 48 — before they have fully recovered and in the middle of a wildlife extinction crisis— was based on politics, not #science, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1YqncA2kwT
10. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/gk6KULQsmK
11. Stripping protections from gray wolves in the lower 48 — before they have fully recovered and in the middle of a wildlife extinction crisis— was based on politics, not science, @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/gk6KULQsmK
12. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/7SsXTkh0kS
13. .@USFWS should acknowledge that gray wolves require continued protection as the delisting rule was not based on science @POTUS @Interior @DebHaalandNM #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/7SsXTkh0kS
14. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/bEU2dUYkQI
15. .@USFWS must promptly relist gray wolves @POTUS @Interior @DebHaalandNM because #science #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1YqncA2kwT
16. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/1RYUJompPb
17. The decision to remove critical protections for still-recovering gray wolves is dangerously short-sighted, especially in the face of an #extinction crisis @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/n0MbBYf6sS
18. #RelistWolves @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats pic.twitter.com/c2Ty6HQQi9
19. #Wolves are just starting to get a toehold in places like Northern California and the Pacific Northwest, and need federal protection to explore habitat in the Southern Rockies and the Northeast, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
20. The Trump administration’s delisting decision is what happens when bad science drives bad policy, @Interior, @USFWS Overturn the delisting rule @POTUS, @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/U5ieXNhhZ7
21. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/cpwSlQCm0D
22. We should be putting much more effort into coexistence with wolves, working to ensure that populations in the lower 48 are thriving, @POTUS, @Interior #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/JMpTU43GSr
22B. We should be putting much more effort into #coexistence with wolves, working to ensure that populations in the lower 48 are thriving. Overturn the delisting rule @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/c2Ty6HQQi9
23. #RelistWolves @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats pic.twitter.com/sXQvFLPxMF
24. We should be sure #wolves are able to play out their ecological role balancing our natural systems, instead of stripping critical protections still needed for their full recovery, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1RYUJompPb
24B. We should be sure #wolves are able to play out their ecological role balancing our natural systems, instead of stripping critical protections still needed for their full recovery, @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/cpwSlQCm0D
25. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/JMpTU43GSr
26. Instead of pursuing further wolf recovery, the @USFWS under the Trump administration adopted its broadest, most destructive delisting rule yet, @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/U5ieXNhhZ7
27. The #EndangeredSpeciesAct requires real wolf recovery, including in the southern Rockies and other places with ideal wolf habitat, @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats @Interior #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/n0MbBYf6sS
28. #RelistWolves @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats pic.twitter.com/U5ieXNhhZ7
29. Reverse the potential damage to wolf recovery done by the Trump administration’s delisting rule; remove this rule under the CRA @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
30. The Trump administration’s delisting rule ignored the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, science and common sense, @POTUS, @Interior @USFWS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1YqncA2kwT
30B. The Trump administration’s delisting rule ignored the requirements of the Endangered Species Act, science and common sense. Overturn the delisting rule @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1YqncA2kwT
31. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
32. Stripping protections for gray wolves is premature and reckless, @POTUS. Gray wolves occupy only a fraction of their former range and need continued federal protection to fully recover. #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
32B. Stripping protections for gray wolves is premature and reckless, @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats Gray wolves occupy only a fraction of their former range and need continued federal protection to fully recover. #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/sXQvFLPxMF
33. Approximately 7,000 wolves have been killed in state-sanctioned hunting and trapping seasons in states where wolves were delisted. Roughly, there are just 6,000 wolves in the lower 48 states, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
33B. Approximately 7,000 wolves have been killed in state-sanctioned hunting and trapping seasons in states where wolves were delisted. Roughly, there are just 6,000 wolves in the lower 48 states, @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
34. Gray #wolves are now just beginning to reestablish stable populations needed for genetic sustainability; the population in the contiguous U.S., as a whole, is nowhere near “recovered” @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/sXQvFLPxMF
35. Lack of abundant carnivore populations has led to crop damage, altered stream structures, and changes to the abundance and diversity of birds, mammals, reptiles and invertebrates. Wolves are essential @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/c2Ty6HQQi9
36. In order to maintain the resiliency of forest ecosystems, (especially in the face of a rapidly changing climate), the recovery and preservation of large carnivores is essential, @POTUS, @Interior, @USFWS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1RYUJompPb
37. The wolf, a highly social animal is in peril. Hunted down relentlessly, the wolf mourns the loss of family members viciously and unethically trapped, snared, and murdered in droves, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
38. #Wolves must run for their lives daily, year after endless year because man”kind” will not be bothered by the small concessions it would take to oversee harmonious coexistence. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/FQ2KsGubUE
39. Scientists and conservationists assert that wolf populations are not yet viable, and that distributions are not sufficient to constitute recovery, @POTUS, @Interior, @USFWS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/c2Ty6HQQi9
40. Existing regulations regarding wolf “management” do not provide adequate enough protections to ensure persistence of population numbers, @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/sXQvFLPxMF
41. Returning wolves to the protection of the #ESA would indicate a willingness to share the land and its resources with an iconic and essential predator. #RelistWolves @POTUS @Interior @USFWS pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
42. Last year 1.8 million Americans submitted comments opposing the delisting of wolves. Clearly, the majority of people support complete recovery of the species. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/1RYUJompPb
43. Last year 86 members of Congress (in both the House and Senate), 100 scientists, 230 businesses, and 367 veterinary professionals all submitted letters opposing the wolf delisting plan. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/cpwSlQCm0D
44. Even the scientific peer reviews commissioned by @USFWS itself found that the agency’s delisting proposal ignored science and appeared to come to a predetermined conclusion, with inadequate scientific support. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/oEMGlYHLNy
45. Because #Science @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats @Interior @USFWS
46. Mis-implementing the ESA, in this case delisting the gray wolf, set a poor precedent for hundreds of other species whose well-being depends on proper implementation of the ESA. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/U5ieXNhhZ7
47. Interventions such as the premature delisting of wolves can seem like an expedited solution, but its larger effect is to inhibit progress on the broader issues of conservation and ESA implementation. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/sXQvFLPxMF
48. In recent years, efforts to delist #wolves have been motivated by local and special interests. As such, these efforts eviscerate the essential purpose of federal governance and the #ESA, which is to conserve species. #RelistWolves @POTUS pic.twitter.com/mkPLRVBs4m
49. Broad public support for wolves and for the #EndangeredSpeciesAct must transcend political orientation, @POTUS @SenateDems @HouseDemocrats #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/POeMDj0Tdo
50. The most important actions that should be taken to promote wolf recovery are to develop a policy on “significant portion of range” that is consistent with the ESA, and a robust national plan for wolf conservation/recovery @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/1RYUJompPb
51. We must get wolf recovery right by developing a healthy relationship with wolves, recognizing the important role they play in our ecosystems and refraining from unjustified persecution @POTUS #RelistWolves pic.twitter.com/n0MbBYf6sS
Thank you for speaking out on behalf of America’s wolves. Stay tuned for further updates and actions.
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